2019-07-22

Political Archives Act Passed

On 28 May 2019, Taiwan's Legislative Yuan passed the Political Archives Act (政治檔案條例) in order to continue promoting transitional justice.
 
The Act stipulates that Government agencies must complete the political archives catalogue in six months after the Act takes effect.  The Act likewise requires political parties and affiliated organizations also to prepare the archives that the National Archives Administration (NDC) regards as national archives, and to prepare an inventory record and transfer the related archives to the NDC.  The term “archives” refers to those political archives from August 15, 1945 (the end of World War II) to November 6, 1992 (the end of the period of authoritarian rule in Taiwan).
 
If the political parties and affiliated organizations refuse or fail to comply with the obligation created by the Act, they shall be sanctioned with a fine of not less than NT$ 1,000,000 but not more than NT$ 5,000,000, consecutively, for each incidence of non-compliance.
 
The political archives will be divided into three categories: parties to political archives, non-parties to political archives, and Government agencies.  There will be different offering years and scopes for each category.  The civil servants, witnesses, prosecutors, and source names, pseudonyms, codes, and titles recorded in political archives must be made available for viewing, transcription, and or reproduction.
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